Around the world, the proportion of people living in urban areas is growing rapidly, and in some countries now exceeds 90%. A wide range of animals have also colonised the urban environment. While some are beneficial, a few are associated with health impacts, food spoilage, structural damage, or nuisance.   
   The International Conference on Urban Pests (ICUP) brings together those with a professional interest in urban pests. Every three years, participants from academia, industry, government and professional pest control, come from all over the world to meet at the ICUP and share experiences and ideas.