Report 
  Title  
  SCORPIONS in URBAN AREAS in IRAN, and RECENT PROGRESS of LABORATORY RESEARCH (SCORPIONIDA: SCORPIONIDAE, BUTHIDAE)
  Key Words  
  Scorpions scorpion courtship scorpion venom Iran scorpions
  Author  
  S. Tirgari and J. Zargan
  Abstract  
  Scorpions are common in urban and rural areas of Iran. The Iranian species are classified in Buthidae and Scorpionidae; there are 16 genera and 25 species, and a species in the family Diplocentridae occurs on Kish Island. The most common species are: Mesobuthus eupeus, Odontobuthus doriae, Scorpio maurus, and Hemiscorpius lepturus. Laboratory rearing methods for scorpions have been improved with the use of a 3 cm by 10 cm cardboard tunnel. The venom of Hemiscorpius lepturus is obtained from amputated telsons, which are dried and ground to obtain the venom. Nocturnal activity and movement of scorpions is influenced by a variety of factors, including biological rhythms, humidity, and temperature. The night promenade of Odontobuthus doriae includes considerable time searching for food and shelter.