Report 
  Title  
  Controlling Urban Pigeon Populations Humanely
  Key Words  
  Feral, bird, contraception, nicarbazin
  Author  
  Marco Pellizzari and David Loughlin
  Abstract  
  Pigeons (Columba livia) are considered a major pest problem around the world. Management tools such as netting, spikes, gels and other approaches such as flying predatory birds can help, but these often move the problem elsewhere. Ovistop® containing nicarbazin can reduce pigeon numbers through contraception. Nicarbazin treated corn can reduce pigeon numbers by 30% year on year for up to five years and maintain low pigeon numbers thereafter. Combined with other pigeon management products, it represents a modern, integrated pest management solution to this pest problem.