Anti-termitic Properties of Lantana Camara (Lamiales: Verbenaceae)
  Key Words  
  Non-chemical termite control, botanical termiticide, Reticulitermes flavipes
  Xing Ping Hu, Zhonglin Yuan and Wei Ding
  Fresh and dry tissues (leaves, stems, flowers and roots) of two Lantana camara cultivars and the soil from where the plants were growing were tested to determine their anti-termitic activities against Reticulitermes flavipes in 3-wk laboratory bioassays. Barriers incorporating 25% (w/w) chipped tissues, fresh and dry, in soil significantly reduced termite tunneling activity. The repellent effect was greater in fresh tissues than the corresponding oven-dry tissues and in cultivar Mozellethan cultivar New Gold. Leaves displayed greater repellence than flowers and stems, and roots were the weakest.No-choice bioassay of oven-dry aerial parts showed significant reduction in termite survival, vigor, body weight, body water content, and consumption.The soil in which Lantana had been growing exhibited no anti-termitic activity.