Report 
  Title  
  Local Authority Pest Management Services in the United Kingdom: 2002 and 2009 National Pest Advisory Panel Surveys
  Key Words  
  Urban pest management, economics, public health, local authorities
  Author  
  Vicky Coates, Gai Murphy, David Oldbury and Stephen Battersby
  Abstract  
  The National Pest Advisory Panel (NPAP) was established in 2001 to advise the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health (CIEH) on pest control policy. As part of its work, the NPAP sent a detailed survey to all Local Authorities (LAs) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2002 and 2009 about their approaches to pest management. Response rates were very similar; with a 67% response rate in 2002 and 69% in 2009. This paper examines the results of the two surveys and discusses the impact of the changes that have taken place. The major findings of the survey included a decline in the number of LAs that operated an in house pest control service from 99% in 2002 to 89.1% in 2009. Changes were also apparent in the type of services being offered with a greater proportion contracting out their pest control services (13% to 22%) The involvement of Environmental Health Officers had declined and an increase in the number of LAs using enforcement action. The results show significant shifts in the way in which pest management services are provided and managed. The adverse public health impact of the current the Comprehensive Review is also considered. This paper will discuss the impacts of these changes on pest management and the importance of maintaining pest management services as a core part of environmental health.